The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Diabetic Retinopathy is caused when the pancreas is unable to secrete insulin, thus slowly deteriorates the vision of the patient by affecting the retina of human eye. Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy may include blurriness, dark or empty areas in vision and even blindness. The longer the patient having diabetes, the greater is the risk of developing Diabetic Retinopathy. As a result, the tiny blood vessels in the eye are blocked due to more amount of sugar accumulation in the eye.
- Track 1-1 Mild Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy(NPDR)
- Track 1-2Moderate Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy(NPDR)
- Track 1-3 Severe Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy(NPDR)
- Track 1-4 Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy(PDR)
Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension(IIH) is a syndrome which is characterised by elevated intracranial pressure around the brain in the absence of any neural diseases. It is a rare disorder which usually occurs in children and obese women during the childbearing stages. The increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid can cause optic nerve damage and swelling, which is a condition called papilledema. The main symptoms include sever head ache, optic atrophy, and eventually leads to blindness. Since the symptoms closely matches to brain tumour, it is partially known as “pseudotumour cerebri”, meaning “false brain tumour”.
- Track 2-1Sensory visual function
- Track 2-2Ocular motility disturbances
- Track 2-3Degree of papilledema
- Track 2-4Olfactory disfunction in patients with IIH
Glaucoma is an optical syndrome which is caused by the high intraocular pressure created in the eye, damages the optic nerves that send images to the brain. If the damage progresses, then Glaucoma can lead to permanent visual loss. Most of the time, people don’t get any symptoms, therefore the disease may get unnoticed and it is referred to as “sneak thief of vision”. Sometimes due to high pressure levels inside the eye causes symptoms like head ache, blurry vision and eye pain. Glaucoma is the second leading cause for blindness worldwide.
- Track 3-1Open-angle Glaucoma
- Track 3-2Angle-closure Glaucoma
- Track 3-3Normal-tension Glaucoma
- Track 3-4Pigmentary Glaucoma
- Track 3-5Secondary Glaucoma
- Track 3-6Congenital Glaucoma
Cataracts are the most common cause of vision loss which is a clouding of the eye’s natural lens, which lies behind the iris and pupil. The lens is mostly made of water and protein. The protein is arranged in a precise way that keeps the lens clear and lets light pass through it. But as we age, some of the protein may clump together and start to cloud a small area of the lens. This is a cataract, and over time, it may grow larger and cloud more of the lens, making it harder to see. If you have a refractive error, such as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), astigmatism or presbyopia, refractive surgery is a method for correcting or improving your vision. There are various surgical procedures for correcting or adjusting your eye's focusing ability by reshaping the cornea, or clear, round dome at the front of your eye.
- Track 4-1Phacoemulsification
- Track 4-2Extracapsular Cataract Surgery
- Track 4-3Laser Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK)
- Track 4-4Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)
- Track 4-5Laser Assisted Epithelial Keratomileusis (LASEK)
Optical Oncology is the study of cancer which deals with the treatment of cancerous conditions of the eye and its surrounding tissues. The cancers may occur in the eyelids, the tissues behind and around the eyeball, and even the eyeball itself. The cancer which involves the orbit is rare and the most common type in the adult eye is choroidal melanoma. A variety of tumours that exist in the eye tissues can include melanomas, metastasis, retinoblastoma, lymphoma, carcinoma and so on.
- Track 5-1Pediatric Choroidal Melanoma
- Track 5-2Ocular Adnexal Lymphoma
- Track 5-3Radiation Therapy for Ocular Tumours
- Track 5-4Cryotherapy for Retinoblastoma
Ophthalmic Lens is a lens which corrects the vision in a person where the focal point in the eyes does not hit the retina. They come in a variety of forms including plastic and glass lenses worn in glasses, contact lenses placed in direct contact with the eye, and lens implants surgically inserted into the eye to correct visual impairments. Basic ophthalmic lenses correct for near- or farsightedness, where the focus point lies in front of or behind the retina. They curve to adjust the focal point and let light hit the retina precisely, allowing people to focus. Other lenses can have additional features. The earliest ophthalmic lens designs were glass.
- Track 6-1Single-Vision lens
- Track 6-2Bifocal Lens
- Track 6-3Trifocal Lens
- Track 6-4Progressive Lens
- Track 6-5Light protective Lens
Vision Impairment is defined as the reduction in vision, which cannot be corrected by the usage of prescribed glasses, contact lenses, medication, or even surgery. This may affect the metabolism and daily activities of the people. The symptoms with cataracts, glaucoma, head injury, and lack of nutrition are associated with vision impairment. Multiple sclerosis and other similar related nervous disorders, brain tumours are rare causes for the blindness. Preventions include regular eye exams and controlling of diabetes mellitus is very important in preserving the sight.
- Track 7-1Low Visual Acuity
- Track 7-2Moderate Visual Impairment
- Track 7-3Severe Visual Impairment
- Track 7-4Profound Visual Impairment
Paediatric ophthalmology is a subspecialty of ophthalmology that concentrates on treating the various eye problems affecting children. Studies show that a lot of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and learning issues in children can be attributed to vision problems. Strabismus is a visual problem in which the eyes are not aligned properly and point in different directions. One eye may look straight ahead, while the other eye turns inward, outward, upward, or downward.
- Track 8-1Squint
- Track 8-2Drooping of upper eyelids
- Track 8-3Infantile esotropia
- Track 8-4Accommodative esotropia
- Track 8-5Exotropia
Neuro Ophthalmology is a combination of neurology and ophthalmology. Neuro ophthalmology comprises of diseases like brain injury, stroke, mobility issues, and other nervous syndromes. The focus of the neuro-ophthalmology is on the diseases related to the nervous system that affects vision, uncontrollable eye movements, and papillary light reflexes.
- Track 9-1Optic nerve problems
- Track 9-2Double vision
- Track 9-3Thyroid eye disease
- Track 9-4Myasthenia gravis
Lasers are a stimulated emission of monochromatic, highly energised light source used for treating the vision disorders. Lasers are coherent in nature and can be sharply focused on to the damaged part of the eye. An increased understanding of laser-tissue interactions in ophthalmology has led to the use of lasers in treating a wide spectrum of diseases involving both the anterior and posterior segments of the eye. Lasers provide a way better to treat the vision disorders.
- Track 10-1Photocoagulation
- Track 10-2Photovaporization
- Track 10-3Photodisruption
- Track 10-4Photoablation
- Track 10-5Photodynamic
The important technique in ophthalmology is detecting the abnormal/failure part of the eye. Most of the eye damage happens only inside the eye. In ophthalmology, diagnosis is the major important part for deciding the treatment for the patients. Only through the proper instrumentation technique, this is achieved. The posterior part of the eye consists of vitreous humor, retina, choroid, and optic nerve. These are viewed using the proper Instruments. Mostly for retinal analysis, optical coherence tomography(OCT) is used. OCT is an imaging technique used for viewing the eye in Two- and Three- Dimensions and for capturing the micrometre resolutions. This is the most important and emerging technologies in the diagnosis because of its easy prediction, Non-invasive technique, less strain and time consumption technique. There are many instruments specially designed for the detection of the eye problems and for the rectification.
- Track 11-1 Digital Retinal Camera
- Track 11-2Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Imaging Systems
- Track 11-3Fundus Cameras
- Track 11-4Fluorescent Retinal Angiography
Ophthalmologists may also face many challenges during the diagnosis and treatment of the vision. They are facing problems in getting clear evaluations for many diseases. The combination treatments are still under construction. Ocular imaging tools to better evaluate both therapeutic strategies and the pathophysiology of many diseases are rapidly expanding and improving. Especially, improvements in optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of the posterior and anterior segment need further critical evaluation.
- Track 12-1Effective practice of medicine
- Track 12-2Handling of Equipment
Vision Rehabilitation is the method of treating and educating the visually disabled people to acquire a supreme and determined function, a sense of happiness and comfort, an independent feeling and optimum quality of life. Vision Rehabilitation is required by any condition, disease or injury results in functional limitation or disfunction. It has the potential to prevent depression and emotional distress and improves the ability to perform the daily activities and the overall visual ability.
- Track 13-1Low Vision Rehabilitation
- Track 13-2Statuary Blindness Rehabilitation
- Track 13-3Visual Goals
- Track 13-4Visual counselling
Any eye disorder detection is mainly done with the help of technology. The eye is a very sensitive organ, and the inner diagnoses of the eye cannot be done with the help of technology. Therefore, the innovation in the eye is very important for detection and treatment of eye defects. In this fast-growing technology world, there are millions of innovations and ideas. Innovation in eye helps the blind people to see the world according to their desire. Eye care helps us to know the vision needs. It indicates comprehensive eye care goes beyond a prescription for glasses or contact lenses.
- Track 14-1Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery
- Track 14-2Light-adjustable IOLs
- Track 14-3 Corneal inlays
- Track 14-4Dry eye technology
Ophthalmic Drug Delivery Systems is a therapeutic ocular delivery system for the inert care of the eye. These are commonly described to the oral eye drop, solubility ointment. These drug delivery system for the treatment of vision-threatening diseases. These systems are mostly targeted in the anterior segment of the eye. Nowadays, these are also used during the retina surgery and other eye operation section. Drug delivery is the important remedy for the eye before and after the operating and other disease infections
- Track 15-1Oral and topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs)
- Track 15-2Ocular and systemic side effects of drugs
- Track 15-3IVT injection-sparing approaches
- Track 15-4Transplantation technologies for retina